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Islamic Calendar

History and Importance of Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar retains a grand value in the lives of every Muslim. Every month has its own history and significance. Let’s have a look at the importance and history of all the months in Hijri calendar:


Muharram is not only the first month in Islamic calendar, but also is the most crucial in Islam. Muharram literally means, “Forbidden”. Arabs used to stop fighting in this Holy month. The 10th of Muharram is remembered as the day when Moses, with the help of ALLAH (S.W.T), opened up the Red Sea for the people of Israel to pass. Pharaoh was destroyed on the same day. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) used to fast during this month too. Furthermore, this month is remembered as the month of martyrdom of the Grandson of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.). Muslims all over the world pay tribute to the great sacrifice of Hazrat Hussain (R.A.).


The word Safar comes from the word “Sifir”, meaning zero or empty. During this month of the Arabic calendar, Arabs would leave (Empty) their houses to return to fighting that they had quit during Muharram. Arabs used to believe that Safar was a month of catastrophe and mishaps, but the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) called this belief a superstition. Most importantly, Hazrat Fatima (R.A.) got married to Hazrat Ali (R.A.) in this Holy month. Also, the battles of Khaibar and Abwaa took place during Safar.

Rabi ul Awwal

Rabi ul Awwal is the third month of the Islamic Calendar. It means “First month of Spring”. The name of this month is derived from growing of the grass. This month is respected by all the Muslims across the world, because our beloved Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) came to this world on 12th of Rabi ul Awwal. Apart from this, He (S.A.W.W.) left his much-loved city of Makkah and migrated to Madina during this month.

Rabi ul Thani

The fourth month in Hijri Calendar is the second month of the Spring season.

Jamadi al Awwal

The water used to freeze during this month and hence this month was named so. This month holds great significance to all the Muslims, because the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) married his first wife Hazrat Khadija (R.A.) in this month. Moreover, the dear grandfather of Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W.) also passed away during this time of the year.

Jumad al Thani

This month of the Islamic calendar is named so by the Arabs because of the freezing weather.


A sacred month in the Islamic calendar, Rajab is derived from the Arabic word “Rajaba” which means “to respect”. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) visited the seven heavens during his journey of Mi-raj in this month of the year and came back with the gift of Salah.


is derived from the word “tash`aba” meaning “to spread in different directions”. Arabs used to go in different directions to fight their enemies in this month. According to Hazrat Ayesha (R.A.), the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) used to fast during this month. Also, “Shab e Baraat” is celebrated on the 15th night of this month. Muslims pray and recite Quran on Shab e Baraat to seek ALLAH (S.W.T)’s salvation.


The ninth month of the Islamic Calendar is the most blissful. The name is derived from “Ar-ramda” which refers to the extremely hot weather during this month. For the sake of ALLAH (S.W.T), Muslims fast during the whole month of Ramadan. The significance of this month also lies in the fact that the Holy Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) on Shabe Qadar. In addition, Ghazwa e Badr, being the first battle against the disbelievers, was also fought during this month.


Shawwal is derived from the Arabic word “Tashawwala” which refers to the shortage of milk in the female camels. Hence, the Arabs considered this month as bad. But, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) regarded all that as fallacy and gave Muslims the gift of Eid ul Fitr that is celebrated with great fervour all around the Muslim world. Also, Hazrat Ayesha (R.A.) and Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W.W.) got married in this month. Hazrat Hussain (R.A.) was also born in this month. The Holy Prophet’s (S.A.W.W.) beloved uncle died in Shawwal.

Dhu al-Qa’dah

The eleventh month of the Islamic calendar is considered as a sanctified and holy in which Arabs used to prevent fight. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.) came back to his homeland, Makkah, in the Holy month of Dhul al-Qa’dah. Additionally, Ghazwa e Khandaq was fought in this month.

Dhu al-Hijjah

This month marks the end of the Islamic year. It is named so because of Hajj (Pilgrimage) that Muslims perform as the 5th pillar of Islam. Because of Hajj, it is considered as a month of forgiveness and redemption.
To sum it up, the whole Islamic calendar is full of focal events and all the months have their own significance depending on the rituals and traditions that take place in them.